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Oriental melon and rockmelon fruit from Korea: biosecurity import requirements draft report

Description

Under consultation up to 5 August 2022.

The Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (the department) has prepared this draft report to assess the proposal by the Republic of Korea (Korea) for market access to Australia for greenhouse-grown fresh oriental melon and rockmelon fruit for human consumption.

Australia currently permits the importation of rockmelon fruit from European countries, New Zealand and the United States of America (except Hawaii) for human consumption, provided Australian biosecurity import conditions are met.

Australia does not currently permit the importation of oriental melon fruit from any country for human consumption.

This draft report proposes that the importation of commercially produced greenhouse-grown oriental melon and rockmelon fruit to Australia from all commercial production areas of Korea be permitted, subject to a range of biosecurity requirements.

Included in this draft report are details of plant pests that are of biosecurity concern to Australia and that have potential to be associated with the importation of greenhouse-grown oriental melon and rockmelon fruit from Korea. Also included are the risk assessments for the identified quarantine pests and regulated articles, and, where required, proposed risk management measures to reduce the biosecurity risk to an acceptable level, that is, to achieve the appropriate level of protection (ALOP) for Australia.

Five quarantine pests have been identified in this risk analysis as requiring risk management measures to reduce the biosecurity risk to an acceptable level. These pests are:

fruit fly: pumpkin fruit fly (Zeugodacus depressus)mites: Kanzawa spider mite (Tetranychus kanzawai)thrips: Eurasian flower thrips (Frankliniella intonsa), western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) and melon thrips (Thrips palmi).

All 3 thrips species (Eurasian flower thrips, western flower thrips and melon thrips) were also assessed as regulated articles for Australia, as they are capable of harbouring and spreading emerging orthotospoviruses that are quarantine pests for Australia.

The identified pests are the same, or of the same pest groups, as those associated with other horticultural commodities that have been analysed previously by the department.

Proposed risk management measures take account of regional differences in pest distribution within Australia. Western flower thrips has been identified as a regional quarantine pest for the Northern Territory, melon thrips has been identified as a regional quarantine pest for South Australia and Western Australia, and Kanzawa spider mite has been identified as a regional quarantine pest for Western Australia. These pests are considered regional quarantine pests as interstate quarantine regulations and enforcement are in place to prevent the introduction and distribution of these pests into the respective jurisdictions.

The department proposes a range of risk management measures, combined with operational systems, to reduce the risks posed by the 5 identified species to achieve the ALOP for Australia. The 5 identified species are all quarantine pests and include 3 thrips that are also regulated articles. The proposed measures are:

for Zeugodacus depressus (pumpkin fruit fly):pest free areas, pest free places of production or pest free production sites, orfruit treatment considered to be effective against all life stages of fruit flies such as irradiationfor thrips species and Tetranychus kanzawai (Kanzawa spider mite):pre-export visual inspection and, if found, remedial action.

This draft report has been published on the department website to allow interested parties to provide comments and submissions within the specified consultation period.  https://www.awe.gov.au/biosecurity-trade/policy/risk-analysis/plant/melons-from-korea

 

Organisms

  • Cucumber fruit mottle mosaic virus
  • Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus
  • Cucumis melo
  • Cucumis melo subsp. melo var. cantaloupensis
  • Cucumis melo var. acidulus
  • Frankliniella intonsa
  • Frankliniella occidentalis
  • Kyuri green mottle mosaic virus
  • Melon necrotic spot virus
  • Phytophthora melonis
  • Tetranychus kanzawai
  • Thrips palmi
  • Zeugodacus depressus

Hosts

  • Cucumis melo
  • Cucumis melo subsp. melo var. cantaloupensis
  • Cucumis melo var. acidulus

Files

Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Download 4,55MB
Pest Risk Analysis Link to file

PRA Area

  • Australia