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Importation of papaya fruit (Carica papaya L.) for consumption from Brazil into the United States (excluding Hawaii) - A Qualitative, Pathway Initiated Pest Risk Assessment



[Draft made available to stakeholder comments up to 2022-07-06] 

The purpose of this report is to expand the current areas of export of fresh papaya fruit (Carica papaya) (Caricaceae) from Brazil into the United States (excluding Hawaii), for consumption. This effort was based on a request from the Phytosanitary Import Management staff to update/revise the current Brazil papaya program to expand the export areas to all Brazilian states, and to consider all papaya varieties. The PRA on which the export program was initiated was completed in 1996.

We used scientific literature, port-of-entry pest interception data, and information from the government of Brazil to develop a list of pests with quarantine significance for the United States (excluding Hawaii). These are pests that occur in the export area on any host and are associated with the commodity plant species anywhere in the world.

We found no organisms that met the threshold for unacceptable consequences of introduction and are potentially able to follow the pathway.


  • Anastrepha distincta
  • Anastrepha fraterculus
  • Anastrepha serpentina
  • Bactrocera carambolae
  • Carica papaya
  • Ceratitis capitata
  • Colletotrichum brevisporum
  • Colletotrichum magnum
  • Diaporthe caricae-papayae
  • Papaya lethal yellowing virus
  • Papaya meleira virus
  • Stagonosporopsis caricae


  • Carica papaya


Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Download 571,83kB

PRA Area

  • United States of America