EPPO Platform
on PRAs

Pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus


The EFSA Panel on Plant Health conducted a pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV) for the EU territory. The identity of CpCDV, a member of the genus Mastrevirus (family Geminiviridae) is established. Reliable detection and identification methods are available. The pathogen is not included in the EU Commission Implementing Regulation 2019/2072. CpCDV has been reported in Africa, Asia and Oceania. It has not been reported in the EU. CpCDV infects plant species in the family Fabaceae and several species of other families (Amaranthaceae, Brassicaceae, Caricaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae and Solanaceae), including weeds. It may induce symptoms on its hosts, causing severe yield reduction. The virus is transmitted in a persistent, circulative and non-propagative manner by the leafhopper species Orosius orientalis and O. albicinctus, which are not regulated. O. orientalis is known to be present in some EU member states. Plants for planting (other than seeds), parts of plants and cut flowers of CpCDV hosts and viruliferous leafhoppers were identified as the most relevant pathways for the entry of CpCDV into the EU. Cultivated and wild hosts of CpCDV are distributed across the EU. Would the pest enter and establish in the EU territory, impact on the production of cultivated hosts is expected. Phytosanitary measures are available to prevent entry and spread of the virus in the EU. CpCDV fulfils the criteria that are within the remit of EFSA to assess for it to be regarded as a potential Union quarantine pest.


  • Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus


  • Abelmoschus esculentus
  • Aeschynomene virginica
  • Beta vulgaris
  • Brassica juncea
  • Brassica nigra
  • Cajanus cajan
  • Capsicum annuum
  • Carica papaya
  • Cicer arietinum
  • Citrullus lanatus
  • Cucumis sativus
  • Cucurbita sp.
  • Gossypium arboreum
  • Gossypium hirsutum
  • Heteropogon contortus
  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Pisum sativum
  • Sesbania bispinosa
  • Solanum lycopersicum
  • Spinacia oleracea
  • Vicia faba
  • Vicia lens
  • Xanthium strumarium


Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Link to file

PRA Area

  • EU
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden