Express PRA for Hishimonus hamatus – Occurrence
The cicada Hishimonus hamatus is native to Asia. The first detection in the EU was in Slovenia in 2012. In the EU, the presence is also known from Corsica and Italy. The first detection in Germany was in 2020. So far, the cicada is listed neither in the Annexes of Regulation (EU) 2019/2072 nor by EPPO.
The host plants of H. hamatus mainly are ornamentals whose original distribution area is Asia. Currently, no direct damage caused by H. hamatus is known. There is no evidence up to now that H. hamatus is a vector of a pathogen on plants.
The European populations of H. hamatus seem to have adapted well to the south European and continental climate. It is assumed that the species can establish widely in the open field in Germany and the EU..
The risk analysis gives rise to the assumption that H. hamatus can establish in Germany and the EU. Partly, this establishment has happened already. According to current knowledge, relevant damage caused by H. hamatus is not expected. Thus, Hishimonus hamatus is not classified as a potential quarantine pest and Article 29 of Regulation (EU) 2016/2031 does not apply.
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