Pest categorisation of non‐EU viruses and viroids of Prunus L.
Following a request from the EU Commission, the Panel on Plant Health addressed the pest categorisationof the viruses and viroids of Prunus L. determined as being either non-EU or of undetermined standing in a previous EFSA opinion. These infectious agents belong to different genera and are heterogeneous in theirbiology. With the exclusion of Ilarvirus S1 and Ilarvirus S2, for which very limited information exists, thepest categorisation was completed for 26 viruses and 1 viroid having acknowledged identities and availabledetection methods. All these viruses are efficiently transmitted by vegetative plant propagation techniques,with plants for planting representing the major pathway for long-distance dispersal and thus considered asthe major pathway for entry. Depending on the virus, additional pathway(s) can also bePrunusseeds,pollen and/or vector(s). Most of the viruses categorised here are known to infect only one or few plantgenera, but some of them have a wide host range, thus extending the possible entry pathways. Apple scarskin viroid, American plum line pattern virus, cherry mottle leaf virus, cherry rasp leaf virus, cherry rosettevirus, cherry rusty mottle-associated virus, cherry twisted leaf-associated virus, peach enation virus, peachmosaic virus, peach rosette mosaic virus, tobacco ringspot virus and tomato ringspot virus meet all thecriteria evaluated by EFSA to qualify as potential Union quarantine pests (QPs). With the exception ofimpact in the EU territory, on which the Panel was unable to conclude, apricot vein clearing virus, Asianprunus virus 1, Asian prunus virus 2, Asian prunus virus 3, Caucasus prunus virus, cherry virus B, Mumevirus A, nectarine stem pitting-associated virus, nectarine virus M, peach chlorotic mottle virus, peach leafpitting-associated virus, peach virus D, prunus virus F and prunus virus T satisfy all the other criteria to beconsidered as potential Union QPs. Prunus geminivirus A does not meet the criterion of having negativeimpact in the EU. For several viruses, especially those recently discovered, the categorisation is associatedwith high uncertainties mainly because of the absence of data on their biology, distribution and impact.Since this opinion addresses specifically the non-EU viruses, in general these viruses do not meet thecriteria assessed by EFSA to qualify as potential Union regulated non-quarantine pests.
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