EPPO Platform
on PRAs

Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) for the territories of the European Union (as PRA area) on Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and its vectors in the genus Monochamus


An analysis of the risk to the countries of the European Union from a possible introduction of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and its vectors in the genus Monochamus is performed by assembling relevant biological, climatic and commercial information. The risks presented by different trade pathways are assessed and phytosanitary measures to reduce the risks are proposed. The conclusion of the PRA, based on EPPO PRA guideline no. 1, is that these pests present a serious risk to European coniferous forests.


  • Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
  • Monochamus


  • Abies
  • Larix
  • Picea
  • Pinus


Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Link to file
Pest Risk Analysis Download 3,39MB

PRA Area

  • EU
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden