Update of the Xylella spp. host plant database – systematic literature search up to 31 December 2020
Following a request from the European Commission, EFSA was asked to create and regularly update a database of host plant spec ies of Xylella spp. Complying with an extension of the previous mandate, which now covers the period 2021–2026, the current version of Xylella spp. host plant database updates the previous release dated April 2020. Informative data have been extracted from 86 recent publications retrieved through an extensive literature search. This report is related to the fourth version of the database published in Zenodo in the EFSA Knowledge Junction community (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5004966), covering articles selected from: a systematic literature review conducted up to 31 December 2020, Europhyt outbreak notifications up to 18 March 2021 and communications from research groups and national authorities. Forty-three new host plant species of X. fastidiosa, identifed through the data extracted from the selected publications, have been added to the database. Those plant species were reported as naturally or artificially infected by subsp. fastidiosa, multiplex, pauca or unknown (i.e. not reported in the publication) subspecies of X. fastidiosa. New information on the tolerant/resistant response of plant species or varieties to X. fastidiosa infection is also reported. No additional data were retrieved for X. taiwanensis.
This new version of the database includes no update on the number of Sequence Types (STs) identifed so far, which remains unchanged. The overall number of Xylella spp. host plants determined with at least two different detection methods or positive with one method (between: sequencing, pure culture isolation) reaches now 385 plant species, 179 genera and 67 families. Such numbers rise to 638 plant species, 289 genera and 87 families if considered regardless of the detection method applied. The database will be issued twi ce per year, with the aim to provide information and scientific support to risk assessors, risk managers and researchers dealing with Xylella sp.