EPPO Report of a Pest Risk Analysis for Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus
Based on this PRA report, Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus was added to the EPPO A2 List. Measures for plants for planting (except seeds) of cultivated Solanaceous and Cucurbitaceae hosts are recommended.
This summary is based on an EFSA pest categorization (EFSA PLH, 2020) and also includes information from the EFSA pest survey card (EFSA et al., 2020) and the EPPO Datasheet (EPPO, 2021) on ToLCNDV.
Probability of entry, establishment, spread, and potential impact, with associated uncertainties, have been rated based on the EFSA pest categorization and reviewed by the Panel on Phytosanitary Measures. The EFSA categorization also refers to the Scientific Opinion on the risks to plant health posed by Bemisia tabaci species complex and viruses it transmits for the EU territory (EFSA PLH, 2013).
Bemisia tabaci, vector of ToLCNDV, is recommended for regulation by EPPO since 1989. Measures recommended for B. tabaci in 1990 were:Plants for planting (except seeds and tissue cultures): Place or site of production free for Bemisia tabaci. This recommendation for plants for planting is consistent with the conclusions of the EFSA plant health Panel in the Scientific Opinion on the risks to plant health posed by Bemisia tabaci species complex and viruses it transmits for the EU territory (EFSA PLH, 2013). No recommendation is made for other pathways (fruits, cut flowers and branches).
This PRA report only focuses on the measures to be recommended for the virus.
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