EPPO Platform
on PRAs

Express PRA for Pagiocerus frontalis – Interception


The bark beetle Pagiocerus frontalis is endemic to South America and so far, it does not occur in Germany. An occurrence in Italy could not be confirmed. So far, it is not listed in the Annexes of Regulation (EU) 2019/2072 or by EPPO. 

Pagiocerus frontalis infests seeds of Avocado, other plants of the Laurel family (Lauraceae) and maize, especially soft maize. 

Due to unsuitable climate conditions, it is assumed that P. frontalis cannot establish in the field in Germany, but possibly in maize storage facilities. Establishment in the field in warmer EU-Member States and establishment in maize storage facilities cannot be excluded. 

Due to its high damage potential for maize kernels (maize for consumption, forage maize and seed maize), P. frontalis poses a phytosanitary risk for Germany and other EU-Member States. Based on this risk analysis, it is assumed that the pest can establish especially in warmer Member States and can cause considerable damage. 

Therefore, measures against the introduction of this potential quarantine pest according to Article 29 of Regulation VO (EU) 2016/2031 should be taken. Hence, the intercepted consignment must be destroyed, treated or rejected.


  • Pagiocerus frontalis


  • Persea americana
  • Zea mays


Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Download 243,00kB

PRA Area

  • Germany