Does the African Citrus psyllid, Trioza erytreae (Del Guercio) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), Represent a Phytosanitary Threat to the Citrus Industry in Mexico?
Espinosa-Zaragoza S, Pérez-De la O NB, Aguirre-Medina JF, López-Martínez V. Does the African Citrus psyllid, Trioza erytreae (Del Guercio) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), Represent a Phytosanitary Threat to the Citrus Industry in Mexico? Insects. 2021; 12(5):450. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12050450
The African citrus psyllid, Trioza erytreae (Del Guercio) (Hemiptera: Triozidae) is an invasive species for citrus crops. In its native range is the main vector of Candidatus Liberibacter africanus (CLaf), a pathogen that causes huanglongbing (HLB). For Mexico, T. erytreae could threat the citrus industry in a potential invasion but until now, the best chances to prevent its damage is analyzing if the country has the ecological conditions suitable for this psyllid. In this study we used the ecological niche modeling approach to explore which areas in Mexico has the environmental suitability for the T. erytreae establishment. Additionally, the potential role of an alternate host, Casimiroa edulis La Llave (Rutaceae), and five points of entry into the country, in the potential T. erytreae dispersion were analyzed. Mexico citrus areas has a wide environmental suitability for T. erytreae, including the main federal entity (Veracruz). The natural distribution of C. edulis matches with the T. erytreae environmental suitability and citrus areas, and could expand its distribution across the country. For preventive monitoring strategies, the port of Veracruz is a vital point for phytosanitary agencies, because of its proximity to citrus areas.
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