EFSA Scientific Opinion on Pest risk assessment made by France on Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri for French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique
This document presents the opinion of the Panel on Plant Health on the full pest risk assessment conducted by France on Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri with French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique, considered as endangered area.
X. axonopodis pv. citri, recently renamed as Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (XCC) causes the Asiatic citrus canker, a plant disease that affects Citrus spp., Poncirus spp. and other members of the family Rutaceae. XCC causes necrosis of the parenchyma that leads to necrotic lesions and cankers on leaves, twigs, branches and fruit of susceptible plants. Under severe infection, the disease causes defoliation, unsightly blemishes on fruit, premature fruit drop and general tree decline. The disease leads to extensive economic losses in commercial citrus-producing areas where it occurs. The Asiatic citrus canker is known to be present in citrus-producing areas worldwide. It has been reported from Asia, South America (Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia and Brazil), Oceania and the USA (State of Florida). The pathogen is not known to occur in French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique. It is not present in Europe, either.
In agreement with the document, the Panel concludes that XCC is appropriate for evaluation of pest risk management options and can be considered as a harmful organism for the endangered
area of French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique. The Panel notices that XCC is already inthe list of harmful organisms in Directive 2000/29/EC, as “Xanthomonas campestris (all strains pathogenic to citrus)”.
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- French Guiana
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom