Express PRA for Cathaica fasciola
Cathaica fasciola is endemic in China, Japan and on the Pacific-Island Guam and does not yet occur in Germany and the EU. Up to now it is neither listed in the Annexes of Directive 2000/29/EC nor by EPPO. C. fasciola is polyphagous and establishes in various refugia like pasture and infests vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, pasture plants and other cultivated plants. Due to suitable climate conditions it must be assumed that C. fasciola is able to establish outdoors in Germany. The establishment in other EU-Member States is also possible. Due to its high damage potential for horticulture and the cultivation of ornamentals and other agricultural crops C. fasciola presents a high phytosanitary risk for Germany and other EU-Member States. Furthermore the species is - in the combination with Conocephalus spp. which occurs in Europe - an intermediate host for the parasite Eurytrema pancreaticum (pancreas fluke) of sheep, goats, pigs, cattle. In single cases also humans were infested. So far, the parasite E. pancreaticum is not endemic in Europe and only occurs in Asia and South America. Based on this risk analysis it is assumed that C. fasciola is able to establish in Germany or another Member State and to cause considerable damage on cultivated crops and farm animals. Thus measures against the introduction of this potential quarantine pest (with its parasite E. pancreaticum) should be taken according to § 4a of the Plant Inspection Order. Accordingly, the intercepted wooden pallets have to be destroyed according to § 4a of the Plant Inspection Order. As a precaution a monitoring in the storing location of the pallets and in the near surroundings is deemed necessary.
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