Express PRA for Caraway yellows virus
Phytosanitary risk: low
For the first time the caraway yellows virus (CawYV) was found in an outdoor crop of caraway in Hesse in 2016. So far, it is neither listed in the Annexes of Directive 2000/29/EC nor by EPPO.
CawYV infests caraway (Carum carvi). Currently, no other natural host plants are known.
The virus established in outdoor areas in Germany. The establishment in other EU Member States with caraway cultivation of cannot be ruled out.
Currently, the damage potential of CawYV is estimated as low. In Germany and the other EU Member States, the cultivation of caraway is of minor economic importance. Furthermore, a long crop free interval is common in the cultivation of plants of the family Apiaceae. Thus, a significant virus presence in the field is unlikely. The greatest part of the observed damage in the concerned field could be traced to an infestation with root aphids (Aphidoidea). Based on previous knowledge, CawYV presents no phytosanitary risk for Germany and the other EU-Member States.
Thus, CawYV is not classified as a quarantine pest and § 4a of the Plant Inspection Order does not apply.
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