EPPO Platform
on PRAs

EPPO PRA for Apriona cinerea, Apriona germari, Apriona rugicollis (japonica)


This PRA started 2011; as a result, three species of Apriona were added to the EPPO A1 List: Apriona germari, A. japonica and A. cinerea. 

However recent taxonomic changes have occurred with significant consequences on their geographical distributions. A. rugicollis is no longer considered as a synonym of A. germari but as a distinct species. A. japonica, which was previously considered to be a distinct species, has been synonymized with A. rugicollis. 

Finally, A. cinerea remains a separate species. Most of the interceptions reported in the EU as A. germari are in fact A. rugicollis. The outcomes of the PRA for these pests do not change. 

However A. germari has a more limited and a more tropical distribution than originally assessed, but it is considered that it could establish in Southern EPPO countries. The Panel on Phytosanitary Measures agreed with the addition of Apriona rugicollis to the A1 list.

2021: These PRA documents were modified to clarify the phytosanitary measures recommended


  • Apriona cinerea
  • Apriona germari
  • Apriona rugicollis
  • Apriona swainsoni


  • Ficus carica
  • Malus
  • Morus
  • Populus
  • Pyrus
  • Salix
  • Styphnolobium japonicum


Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Download 2,80MB
Pest Risk Analysis Download 414,89kB

PRA Area

  • EPPO
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Guernsey
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Netherlands
  • North Macedonia
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Tunisia
  • Türkiye
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
  • Uzbekistan