Express PRA for Burkholderia soli
The bacterium Burkholderia soli presumably is endemic in South Korea. So far, it does not occur in Germany and the EU and it is neither listed in the Annexes of Directive 2000/29/EC nor by EPPO. So far, no host plants are known but it cannot be excluded that plants will be infested. B. soli can grow at temperatures of 10-40°C. The climate in the region of origin is continentally moderate. Due to suitable climatic conditions, it is assumed that B. soli is able to establish outdoors in Germany. An establishment in Southern European Member States cannot be excluded. The establishment in protected cultivation or in tropical greenhouses is conceivable. There is a close relationship to B. caryophylli that causes root rot of carnation. Thus, it is assumed that the bacterium represents a phytosanitary risk for Germany and other Member States. Based on this risk analysis, it is assumed that B. soli is able to establish in Germany or another Member State and to cause considerable damage. From a technical point of view, a release of the organism is not justifiable until further information on biology, mechanisms for spreading and pathogenicity is available for a new assessment. Thus, measures for the prevention of the release of this potential quarantine pest should be met according to § 4a of the Plant Inspection Order.
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