EPPO Platform
on PRAs

Commodity risk assessment of Persea americana from Israel


The EFSA Panel on Plant health was requested to prepare and deliver risk assessments for commodities listed in the relevant Implementing Acts as ‘High risk plants, plant products and other objects’ (Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2019 establishing a provisional list of high risk plants, plant products or other objects, within the meaning of Article 42 of Regulation (EU) 2016/2031). This scientific opinion covers the plant health risks posed by the following commodities: (i) scions and (ii) grafted plants of Persea americana imported from Israel, taking into account the available scientific information, including the technical information provided by the Plant Protection and Inspection Services from Israel. The relevance of an EU quarantine pest for this opinion was based on evidence that: (i) the pest is present in Israel; (ii) P. americana is a host of the pest and (iii) the pest can be associated with the commodity. The relevance of any other pest, not regulated in the EU, was based on evidence that: (i) the pest is present in Israel; (ii) the pest is absent in the EU; (iii) P. americana is a host of the pest; (iv) the pest can be associated with the commodity and (v) the pest may have an impact and can pose a potential risk for the EU territory. Twenty‐six pests (15 insects, one mite, 9 fungi and one viroid) that fulfilled all criteria were selected for further evaluation. For the 26 selected pests, the risk mitigation measures proposed in the technical dossier were evaluated. Limiting factors on the effectiveness of the measures were documented. For each of the 26 pests, an expert judgement is given on the likelihood of pest freedom taking into consideration the risk mitigation measures acting on the pest, including any uncertainties. The fungi Lasiodiplodia pseudotheobromae and Neoscytalidium dimidiatum were the pests most frequently expected on the imported commodities. The Expert Knowledge Elicitation indicated, with 95% certainty, that between 9,573 and 10,000 bundles of scions per 10,000; and 9,747 and 10,000 grafted plants per 10,000 would be free of these two fungi.


  • Aonidiella orientalis
  • Aulacaspis tubercularis
  • Avocado sunblotch viroid
  • Bemisia tabaci
  • Colletotrichum aenigma
  • Colletotrichum alienum
  • Colletotrichum fructicola
  • Colletotrichum perseae
  • Colletotrichum siamense
  • Colletotrichum theobromicola
  • Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto
  • Icerya aegyptiaca
  • Maconellicoccus hirsutus
  • Milviscutulus mangiferae
  • Neocosmospora euwallaceae
  • Neoscytalidium dimidiatum
  • Nipaecoccus viridis
  • Oligonychus perseae
  • Paracoccus marginatus
  • Penthimiola bella
  • Persea americana
  • Pseudococcus cryptus
  • Pulvinaria psidii
  • Retithrips syriacus
  • Scirtothrips dorsalis
  • Tetraleurodes perseae


  • Persea americana


Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Link to file

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