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Okra from India: biosecurity import requirements final report


The Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (the department) has prepared this final report to assess the proposal by India for market access to Australia for fresh okra fruit (Abelmoschus esculentus) for human consumption.

Australia currently permits the importation of fresh okra fruit from Fiji for human consumption, provided Australian biosecurity import conditions are met. Australia does not currently permit the importation of okra fruit from any other country for human consumption.

This final report recommends that the importation of commercially produced okra fruit to Australia from all commercial production areas of India be permitted, subject to a range of biosecurity requirements.

This report contains details of plant pests that are of biosecurity concern to Australia and that have potential to be associated with the importation of fresh okra fruit from India. Also included are the risk assessments for the identified quarantine pests and regulated articles, and, where required, recommended risk management measures to reduce the biosecurity risk to an acceptable level, that is, to achieve the appropriate level of protection (ALOP) for Australia.

Nine quarantine pests have been identified in this risk analysis as requiring risk management measures to reduce the biosecurity risk to an acceptable level. These pests are:

- fruit flies: peach fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata) and melon fly (Zeugodacus cucurbitae)

- mealybugs: papaya mealybug (Paracoccus marginatus) and Madeira mealybug (Phenacoccus madeirensis)

- scale insect: mulberry scale (Pseudaulacaspis pentagona)

- thrips: Eurasian flower thrips (Frankliniella intonsa) and melon thrips (Thrips palmi)

- spider mites: red okra spider mite (Tetranychus macfarlanei) and okra mite (Tetranychus truncatus).

The 2 quarantine thrips were also assessed as regulated articles for all of Australia, as they are capable of harbouring and spreading emerging orthotospoviruses that are quarantine pests for Australia.

An additional species, chilli thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis), has been assessed as a regulated article for Australia as it is capable of harbouring and spreading emerging orthotospoviruses that are quarantine pests for Australia.

The identified pests are the same, or of the same pest groups, as those associated with other horticultural commodities that have been analysed previously by the department.

The recommended risk management measures take account of regional differences in pest distribution within Australia. Two pests requiring risk management measures, P. pentagona and T. palmi, have been identified as regional quarantine pests for Western Australia, and T. palmi has been identified as a regional quarantine pest for South Australia. These pests are considered regional quarantine pests as interstate quarantine regulations and enforcement are in place to prevent the introduction and distribution of these pests into the respective jurisdictions

The department recommends a range of risk management measures, combined with operational systems, to reduce the risks posed by the 10 identified species to achieve the ALOP for Australia. The 10 identified species are 9 quarantine pests, including 2 quarantine thrips that are also regulated articles, and an additional thrips species that is a regulated article. The recommended measures are:

-for fruit flies:

  -pest free areas, pest free places of production or pest free production sites; or

  -fruit treatment (such as irradiation)

-for mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites and thrips:

  -pre-export visual inspection, and, if found, remedial action.


  • Abelmoschus esculentus
  • Bactrocera zonata
  • Frankliniella intonsa
  • Paracoccus marginatus
  • Phenacoccus madeirensis
  • Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
  • Scirtothrips dorsalis
  • Tetranychus macfarlanei
  • Tetranychus truncatus
  • Thrips palmi
  • Zeugodacus cucurbitae


  • Abelmoschus esculentus


Type File Size
Pest Risk Analysis Download 3,38MB

PRA Area

  • Australia